Here at 45gallondrums.com we seek to educate as well as supply drums. The production of waste by nuclear power, its storage and handling are of great concern to the public. There are three levels of nuclear waste, low activity or low level, intermediate activity or intermediate level and high activity or high-level wastes.
Low-level waste includes materials that are used to handle nuclear material such as radiation suits and laboratory equipment. They are normally stored for up to 15 years in secure storage and then, after careful packaging they can be disposed of as normal waste. However, there is some disagreement over the way the waste is disposed of.
Intermediate Level Waste
These are much bulkier materials and are characterised by low heat emission. They contain metal fuel cladding, chemical sludges, and other radioactive wastes. The waste is first encased in resin or concrete and sealed in steel drums. The drums are then packed into concrete casks and placed in concrete trenches up to 18 meters deep. When completely filled, the trenches are covered with a concrete slab, a layer of compacted clay and a reinforced concrete intrusion shield and a final layer of clay.
High-level waste is extremely radioactive and remains in this state for thousands of years. Safe and stable storage of this type of waste is of great concern. Modern storage methods include the use of glass vitrification. This involves combining the radioactive liquid waste with glass to form a solid compound. Because of the solid nature of the waste, it is much less likely to contaminate the surrounding area. Unlike liquid waste, it cannot leak into the ground if the stainless steel container it is in becomes faulty.
If this is something which concerns you, check out our UN-Approved drums for the storage of such waste.
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